Causes of Hypertension That You Should Know


Causes of Hypertension: Your blood pressure fluctuates due to stressful situations or due to physical exertion. However, at rest or in a stress-free state – if it is high all the time, you have hypertension. High blood pressure (hypertension) refers to an increase in arterial pressure, which lasts for a long time. It is considered to be one of the most incurable diseases in the world.

Primary or underlying hypertension

In most cases, the causes of hypertension remain unknown or difficult to find. These are usually called primary or primary hypertension. Here are some reasons:

Family history and genes:

Various studies have shown that genes can have a 30-50% effect on your blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure from your parents, grandparents, or siblings, you are also at risk.

Age and gender:

Arterial hypertension is seen early in men. Women of childbearing age suffer less from hypertension due to their resistance to estrogen. After menopause/bleeding has completely stopped, women are just as likely to have hypertension as men. This is due to the hardening of the arteries which helps to increase the blood pressure related to the heart.


Various studies have found a link between stress and hypertension. Chronic or incurable stress can in many cases cause hypertension.


Since obesity affects body composition, it can have a mutating or detrimental effect on limbs. Studies have shown that obesity carries an estimated 65-78% risk of major hypertension.

Lack of physical exercise:

It is important for adults to exercise at least 30 minutes a day to stay healthy. Living without physical activity causes many health-related conditions, including hypertension.

Hormonal irregularities:

Hormonal imbalances can lead to hypertension. That is why women tend to have high blood pressure after menopause/bleeding has stopped completely or at that time, or during pregnancy. Other causes include overactive or under-activated thyroid, aldosterone levels, or Cushing’s syndrome.

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension refers to the high blood pressure that is caused by other incurable diseases and remedial causes. Approximately 5-10% of adults suffer from hypertension. Here are some important reasons:

Chronic conditions:

Some of the causes of secondary hypertension are kidney disease, fibromuscular dysplasia, renal artery stenosis, quark action or aortic stenosis, thyroid problems, and sleep apnea.

Pregnancy :

Pre-eclampsia or gestational hypertension is also very common.It is caused by hormonal irregularities; However, it is considered secondary hypertension because it occurs during pregnancy.

Medications : 

General medications such as certain birth control pills, NSAIDs, steroids, herbal remedies such as licorice, and antidepressants increase the risk of hypertension [8-9]. Recreational drugs such as cocaine, heroin, or amphetamines cause a sudden rise in blood pressure. These can lead to incurable hypertension at an early age.

Lifestyle :

Your lifestyle and environment can cause a number of health problems, including hypertension. Full of salt and lack of fruits and vegetables; Living a life without physical activity; Smoking, arbitrary drinking, and lack of physical activity can lead to secondary hypertension. These factors can be controlled to prevent and reduce hypertension, except for factors that cannot be changed.

Easy way to get rid of hypertension

Emergency food

Include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat foods, beans, nuts, fish, meat, etc. in your daily diet. Avoid all kinds of fast food and canned food. Eat less salt

Eat less salt

No matter what you eat at home, don’t put too much salt in it. Also reduce the intake of various foods mixed with salt.

Stay active

Exercise at least half an hour every day as a rule. Even if there is any problem in the body, you can understand it.

Quit smoking

People with high blood pressure may have to quit smoking. This also applies to patients with hypertension. Otherwise there is a risk of a heart attack very soon.

No alcohol

In diseases like hypertension, alcohol is nothing less than poison. So either reduce alcohol consumption or give up completely.

Lose weight

Studies show that if overweight people can lose weight, they can control their blood pressure and hypertension.

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Note: More Info (Tech24InfoBD) ( Causes of Hypertension )


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